Click below to learn about different legal topics relevant to cooperatives:
- This page provides guides to what are business entities, how to choose when a cooperative should not be legally formed as a cooperative, how to choose an entity for a worker-owned business, pros and cons between choosing a cooperative Corporation or LLC and steps to forming a cooperative corporation and forming an LLC
- This page describes important case law relating to cooperatives (such as those surrounding the Northwest Plywood cooperatives), cases addressing what defines patronage-sourced income, and briefs of administrative rulings related to cooperatives.
- This page contains (mostly) law journal articles, including articles on the application of labor laws to workers’ cooperatives, on how CA law allows for flexible application of operative principles of coops, and policy memos from the Policy Advocacy Clinic at UC Berkeley’s Boalt School of Law.
- This page describes cooperative money & tax basics as well as an explanation of how money flows through a cooperative, including issues around how patronage works and how to leave or dissolve a cooperative.
- This page discusses the benefits of cooperative conversion, steps to cooperatize your business, tax incentives for cooperative conversions, and case studies on businesses that have made the conversion.
- This page discusses how to finance a cooperative including, issues of outside equity specific to cooperative corporations, alternative ways to raise capital for a cooperative, traditional sources of funding, securities law and cooperatives and how a new generation of cooperative statutes treat outside investors.
- This page describes how Bylaws and Operating Agreements can be living documents, creating systems for your organization to thrive as a worker-owned business. On this page, you will find sample Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, Operating Agreements, and Disclosure Documents.
- This page describes best practices around cooperative governance.
- This in depth page describes what it means to have employees, who enforces employment laws, and how cooperatives with members who are foreign nationals can work.